Full title To provide for comprehensive immigration reform and for other purposes. Introduced customs act 1962 bare act pdf the Senate as S. The Senate Judiciary Committee held hearings on the bill in April 2013. The bill was voted out of Committee on May 21, 2013 and was placed on the Senate calendar.
If enacted, the bill would have made it possible for many illegal immigrants to gain legal status and eventually citizenship. It would have increased border security by adding up to 40,000 border patrol agents. It also would have advanced talent-based immigration through a points-based immigration system. New visas had been proposed in this legislation, including a visa for entrepreneurs and a W visa for lower skilled workers. The non-partisan Congressional Budget Office estimated this reform bill would have reduced the U. Its report also states that, if the bill had been passed, U.
1 percent lower in 2023 and 0. Title II – Immigrant Visas cotd. The legislation would make serious and broad changes to existing U. 744 would create a program to help the estimated 11 million illegal immigrants in the United States gain legal status in conjunction with efforts to secure the border. It would also make changes to the existing system of legal immigration, attempting to make the system more responsive to economic needs. House of Representatives are opposed to this bill.
House Republicans and Speaker Boehner have said that this bill will not be introduced on the House floor, a tactic which has been called anti-democratic by some as it prohibits U. House members from conducting a debate and a poll on this bill due to a so-called Hastert Rule. Former House Speaker Boehner has said that the House Republicans favor a piece-meal approach, i. Current situation is that of a deadlock between House and Senate. If no compromise is reached between the House and the Senate, this immigration reform effort could potentially fail once again like the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2007, with the problem of a broken and antiquated US immigration system remaining. Adopting a points-based immigration system, like UK and Canada.
This will allow acceptance of immigrants according to a merit-based system based on professional skills, family relations, and work history in the U. Stronger border security and law enforcement. Removal of per country green card quota limits, which would help in reducing the long backlogs. Data suggests that companies owned by immigrants are likely to hire more employees than native-born-owned companies. Creation of W visa to allow low-skilled temporary workers. Increasing the number of H1B visas and imposing restrictions on the companies who misuse this program. Allowing immigrants illegally brought to the U.
Transferring the quota of green cards now assigned to the Diversity Visa Lottery program to immigrants with advanced skills. Creating a program to provide jobs to low-income and minimally-skilled American youth. The bill would provide illegal immigrants in the U. In many pieces of legislation, the bill opens with a section called “Congressional Findings”, which are not details of the law, but rather information about the situation or general background that Congress wishes to provide to explain why the rest of the bill is necessary. In this case, Congress makes four statements of principles or aspirations explaining the need for immigration reform. The passage of this Act recognizes that the primary tenets of its success depend on securing the sovereignty of the United States of America and establishing a coherent and just system for integrating those who seek to join American society. The bill was referred to the United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, which held hearings and markups about the bill.
The Judiciary Committee held hearings about the bill on April 19, April 22, and April 23, 2013. Several other committees also held hearings about the bill. The United States Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs held hearings on May 7. On June 7, 2013, Senator Patrick Leahy, the chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, filed report 113-40 to accompany S.
The report included the views of the majority of the committee in favor of the bill, as well as minority views and opinions. 52 Democrats, both Independents, and 14 Republicans voted in favor of the bill. The House of Representatives has not acted on this Senate bill. Title I, which begins on page 33, covers changes being made to border security in the United States. Some of the goals mentioned below are also addressed in the preceding sector One of the major provisions of S.
744 is a focus on increased border security, primarily dealt with in Title I. 180 days to write and submit two reports. The bill would focus on three particular high risk sectors – the Tucson sector in Arizona and the Rio Grande and Laredo sectors in Texas. Title I focuses on preventing additional illegal immigration into the United States. Title I includes a number of provisions which are explained more explicitly in the bill’s text. Definitions: “Rural, high-trafficked areas” are rural areas through which drugs and illegal aliens are routinely smuggled, as designated by the Commissioner of U. Provides additional funding for additional border patrol stations and forward operating bases to interdict individuals entering the United States unlawfully immediately after such individuals cross the Southern border and to provide full operational support in rural, high-trafficked areas.
Provides funding for vital radio communications and interoperability between CBP -Office of Border Patrol and state, local, and tribal law enforcement to assist in apprehension efforts along the border. The bill contains many border security measures, some of which must be implemented before illegal immigrants can adjust from the provisional status to full green card status. However, the DHS Secretary simply must submit a plan for border security within the first six months of the bill in order to initiate the provisional legal status for illegal immigrants. The focus of Subtitle A is changing the status of illegal immigrants already present in the United States. Immigrants must apply to have their status changed.
The application period will be for one year with the possibility of extension by the Secretary for an additional year. Individuals with removal orders will be permitted to apply as will aliens in removal proceedings. RPI status shall last for a six-year term that is renewable if the immigrant does not commit any acts that would render the alien deportable. 500 penalty fee is applicable at this time. The Secretary may collect a processing fee from individuals who register for RPI status in an amount that is sufficient to recover all of the costs of implementing the registration program. An individual who adjusts from registered provisional immigrant status to lawful permanent residence shall be deemed, as of the date of such adjustment, to have completed the five-year period specified in 8 U.