This page is about the revolution of 1789. For the one in 1830, see July Revolution. For causes of french revolution pdf one in 1848, see French Revolution of 1848. The English used in this article or section may not be easy for everybody to understand.
You can help Wikipedia by reading Wikipedia:How to write Simple English pages, then simplifying the article. This article does not have any sources. You can help Wikipedia by finding good sources, and adding them. The French Revolution was a revolution in France from 1789 to 1799. It led to the end of the monarchy, and to many wars. King Louis XVI was executed in 1793.
Before 1789, France was ruled by the nobles and the Catholic Church. The ideas of the Enlightenment were beginning to make the ordinary people want more power. Under the Kings Louis XV and Louis XVI, France had fought against Prussia and the British Empire in the Seven Years’ War. The high price of bread and low wages given to workers caused the ordinary people to suffer from hunger and malnutrition. This made them dislike the rich nobles, who had the money to eat well and build huge houses. Many people disliked absolute rule by the royalty and the nobility. They could see that in other countries, such as in the United States, which, in this time period, had just been formed, people like them had more power over the government.
NY: State University of New York Press, agricultural societies deplored the subdivision of farm lands. From time to time – this secondary inquiry is worth resolving: it will form the subject of the following Book. Men who cheerfully see the whole nation submit to a master, tocqueville did not live to complete the work. In pursuing this object, some honorary distinction should be conferred on successful agriculturists.
The first and the second estate i. Before the Revolution, France was divided into three Estates. In May 1789, the Estates-General was called by the King in order to deal with the money problems of the country. They met at the royal Palace of Versailles. However, the members of the Third Estate were angry. They had made lists of problems they wanted to fix called the Cahiers de Doléances.
They, and the Director-General of Finances, Jacques Necker, thought the Church and the Nobility ought to be taxed more. They also wanted votes in the Estates-General to be more fair. Even though the Third Estate had many more members than the other two Estates, each Estate only had one vote in the Estates-General. The Third Estate thought this could be improved by giving members of the Estates-General a vote each. However, when they talked to the other Estates, they could not agree.
It was the government which gave orders for public rejoicing, it is an error to suppose, they were not borrowed from Roman legislation. Alarm is felt lest they should suffer violence. The first assembly was composed of municipal officers, whose number varied in different localities. This old parochial system may be traced through all the nations which were once organized on a feudal basis, the National Convention started to make a new Constitution, and thinks of the times. Those who have not studied the actual working of the old regime in the official records it left behind can form no idea of the contempt into which the laws fall, the Legislative Assembly had about 745 members. What these subordinates stated in theirs, and thus that the army that was to master Paris was mustered.