I am a UKCP-registered attachment-based psychoanalytic psychotherapist, and emotionally focused couples therapist. I have an advanced diploma in couples and psychosexual therapy and am a registered attachment in psychotherapy pdf therapist.
I offer a confidential and caring place in which to talk about personal and professional difficulties in either short or long term psychotherapy with individuals, couples and young people. I believe plays a vital part in the therapy relationship, alongside sensitive understanding, respect and creativity, and creates the greatest potential for healing. In this one day workshop we will outline the four state AEDP model of change as developed by Dr Diana Fosha in New York. AEDP is an attachment-based and experiential way of working with individuals that aims to Undo Aloneness at the core of client self and fully encourages positive growth in their relationships.
By working with trauma and loss and the painful consequences, therapist and client work together to discover places within that have always been strong. AEDP can move a client from a distant and defended stance to gradually softening and the release of authentic emotion. Attachment and Trauma Resources Shirley would like to give credit to all the individuals and organizations that support attachment and trauma therapy. Their efforts and contributions make the field what it is today. Can the Right Kinds of Play Teach Self-Control? Institute of Child Development – www. Louis Mental Health Board – www.
In My Child’s World – www. Therapeutic Parenting for Children with Trauma and Attachment Disturbances. Children with Trauma and Attachment Disturbances: Healing the Most Challenging Children. Attachment in children is “a biological instinct in which proximity to an attachment figure is sought when the child senses or perceives threat or discomfort.
Attachment behaviour anticipates a response by the attachment figure which will remove threat or discomfort”. Attachment theory has led to a new understanding of child development. Children develop different patterns of attachment based on experiences and interactions with their caregivers at a young age. The sensitive caregiver responds socially to attempts to initiate social interaction, playfully to his attempts to initiate play. She picks him up when he seems to wish it, and puts him down when he wants to explore.
However, it should be recognized that “even sensitive caregivers get it right only about 50 percent of the time. Their communications are either out of synch, or mismatched. There are times when parents feel tired or distracted. The telephone rings or there is breakfast to prepare. In other words, attuned interactions rupture quite frequently. But the hallmark of a sensitive caregiver is that the ruptures are managed and repaired.
William Blake’s poem “Infant Joy” explores how to name a child and feel emotionally attached to it. This copy, Copy AA, printed and painted in 1826, is currently held by the Fitzwilliam Museum. The ‘Strange Situation’ is a laboratory procedure used to assess infant patterns of attachment to their caregiver. The procedure consists of eight sequential episodes in which the child experiences both separation from and reunion with the mother as well as the presence of an unfamiliar stranger. The pattern the child develops after age five demonstrates the specific parenting styles used during the developmental stages within the child. These attachment patterns are associated with behavioural patterns and can help further predict a child’s future personality. The strength of a child’s attachment behaviour in a given circumstance does not indicate the ‘strength’ of the attachment bond.
Some insecure children will routinely display very pronounced attachment behaviours, while many secure children find that there is no great need to engage in either intense or frequent shows of attachment behaviour”. The extent of exploration and of distress are affected by the child’s temperamental make-up and by situational factors as well as by attachment status, however. In the traditional Ainsworth et al. Strange Situation, secure infants are denoted as “Group B” infants and they are further subclassified as B1, B2, B3, and B4. Securely attached children are best able to explore when they have the knowledge of a secure base to return to in times of need.
When assistance is given, this bolsters the sense of security and also, assuming the parent’s assistance is helpful, educates the child in how to cope with the same problem in the future. Therefore, secure attachment can be seen as the most adaptive attachment style. Anxious-resistant insecure attachment is also called ambivalent attachment. When the caregiver departs, the child is often highly distressed.
The child is generally ambivalent when they return. Perhaps the most conspicuous characteristic of C2 infants is their passivity. Their exploratory behavior is limited throughout the SS and their interactive behaviors are relatively lacking in active initiation. The child will not explore very much regardless of who is there. Ainsworth’s narrative records showed that infants avoided the caregiver in the stressful Strange Situation Procedure when they had a history of experiencing rebuff of attachment behaviour. The child’s needs are frequently not met and the child comes to believe that communication of needs has no influence on the caregiver. Ainsworth herself was the first to find difficulties in fitting all infant behaviour into the three classifications used in her Baltimore study.
Ainsworth and colleagues sometimes observed ‘tense movements such as hunching the shoulders, putting the hands behind the neck and tensely cocking the head, and so on. Drawing on records of behaviours discrepant with the A, B, and C classifications, a fourth classification was added by Ainsworth’s colleague Mary Main. In the Strange Situation, the attachment system is expected to be activated by the departure and return of the caregiver. There is ‘rapidly growing interest in disorganized attachment’ from clinicians and policy-makers as well as researchers.